What is the effect of marginalisation in society?
Marginalization affects society by making it a less equal, stable, and enjoyable place to live in. By effectively excluding some people from society, we are all deprived of the work, talent, thoughts and culture that they could share with the rest of us. That makes all of us worse off.
People can be marginalised due to multiple factors; sexual orientation, gender, geography, ethnicity, religion, displacement, conflict or disability. Poverty is both a consequence and a cause of being marginalised.
Marginalized individuals or groups often feel or are made to feel less important, less privileged, and less respected than those who hold more status, power, privilege, and opportunity in society. They may be considered outside of the 'mainstream' way of thinking and behaving.
Yet there are some significant common threads, with marginalized groups facing high levels of social discrimination, fewer employment opportunities, more limited rights, and limited prospects for social and economic mobility.
According to them, marginality is an involuntary position and is a condition of an individual or group that is at the brink of social, economic and ecological systems. Such marginality prevents affected communities to utilise resources, assets and service and all other factors, that become the cause of poverty.
Poverty, inequality, lack of decent and accessible public services, inadequate public transport, the welfare and benefits system and lack of good housing are some of the major contributors to social exclusion.
A feature of marginalisation is that people who are marginalised are very likely to be subject to multiple layers of discrimination. Non-discrimination and equality are key human rights that apply to the right to education. States have the obligation to implement these principles at national level.
Examples of marginalization
Denying professional opportunities because of aspects of someone's identity (racism, sexism, ableism) Not providing equal access to resources because of someone's identity. Derogatory language or bullying. Assuming someone got where they are only because they “check a diversity box”
People tend to be marginalised due to many factors such as gender, disability, geography, ethnicity or socio-economic status.
Marginalized populations are groups and communities that experience discrimination and exclusion (social, political and economic) because of unequal power relationships across economic, political, social and cultural dimensions.